Today marks Constitution Day in Thailand, brief history explained

Thailand –

December 10th marks a public holiday for Constitution Day in Thailand. It commemorates the end of absolute monarchy and Thailand’s first adoption of the permanent constitution in 1932.

The shift of the regime began when His Majesty King Prajadhipok (Rama VII) agreed to put an end to the absolute monarchy and granted the first permanent charter to the Thai people to resolve the 1932 Siamese Revolution, led by a group of intellectuals and senior military personnel called the “People’s Party”.

Under the new constitution, the king and monarchy stay in power but had his power reduced and must exercise authority in accordance with the written constitution.

Since 1932, Thailand has had 20 constitutions or charters. The latest one was redrafted following the military coup, led by General Prayut Chan-O’Cha, that took over the government of Yingluck Shinawatra on April 6th, 2017. The 2017 Constitution is still in use at the administration today.

Government offices and main bank branches will be closed for the public holiday, except branches in department stores. This includes, for our many foreign readers, Royal Thai Immigration.


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Nop Meechukhun
National News Writer at The Pattaya News from September 2020 to October, 2022. Born and raised in Bangkok, Nop enjoys telling stories of her hometown through her words and pictures. Her educational experience in the United States and her passion for journalism have shaped her genuine interests in society, politics, education, culture, and art.